Systeemianalyysin, päätöksenteon ja riskienhallinnan tutkijakoulu järjestää kurssin:

World-Class Management Systems and Management Sciences: Selected Research Topics

Prof. Milan Zeleny
Fordham University

Helsinki School of Economics
Chydenia 331, Runeberginkatu 22-24
October 7 - 18, 1996
Daily 2 - 4 p.m.

This course consists of a number of interrelated topics combining both practices and theories of world-class management. It is especially suited to doctoral students and to MBA students searching for the latest synthesis of managerial knowledge. The course offers conceptual, analytical and practical blend of approaches, suitable to a large variety of motivated individuals. Among the offered topics are:

  1. Tradeoffs-Free Management. Globally competitive production and management systems have moved beyond the World-class and TQM, towards Mass Customization and Global Management Paradigm (GMP). They are designed to eliminate tradeoffs among cost, quality, flexibility, reliability and time ti delivery. The key is optimal design of corporate portfolio of resources the best composition of people, machines, raw materials, skills and know-how. Two basic approaches are introduced: De novo programming and Critical Resouces Method for a staged dynamic investment optimization.
  2. Global Management Paradigm. Global Management Paradigm (GMP) is emerging in response to continually intensifying pressures of global competition: world-class corporations are adopting converging set of practices, consisting of interdependent and mutually enhancing phenomena. We discuss nine such dimensions of GMP: 1. The Horizontal Corporation; 2. Business Process Reengineering; 3. Mass Customization; 4. Autonomous Teams or Cells; 5. Customer Integration; 6. Intracompany Market; 7. Supplier Integration; 8. Elimination of Treadeoffs and 9. Open-Book Management.
  3. De Novo Programming. Algorithmic and numerical properties of De Novo programming are demonstrated on linear-programming examples. This includes calculation of optimal levels of LP right-hand sides. So called optimal portfolio of resources is introduced and its dynamic expansion possibilities discussed. Both single and multiple objective functions are treated.
  4. Eight Concepts of Optimality. Recent extensions, philosophical, mathematical and numerical of the traditional optimality concept are presented. One of the eight concepts is the traditional: maximize a single function subject to a set of given constraints. The Eight Concepts of Optimality are mutually exclusive and irreducible to each other: they represent minimal conceptual “landscape” for optimization sciences.
  5. Cognitive Equilibrium in Decision Making. Conceptual and technical introduction to a promising decision-making methodology based on recent neuropsychological findings and parallel processing. Decision making is being conceived as successive stages of formulation and re-formulation of a problem, leading to a “cognitive equilibrium”, rather than the traditional problem formulations.
  6. Emerging Management Systems. The decline of vertical hierarchies of command and the emergence of the horizintal organization are two parts of the same long-term transformation from the anclent division of labor and specialization to current reintegration of task, labor and knowledge. How to manage the restructuring and reengineering of traditional vertical hierarchies into modern horizontal corporations?
  7. Intracompany Markets. More and more companies are introducing self-managing and self-ordering free-market patterns into their corporate structures. These intracompany markets, like for example Kyocera’s “Amoeba system”, are bringing the new flexibility, entrepreneurship and democracy beyond the “factory gate”.
  8. Knowledge-based Theory of Fuzzy Sets. New interpretation of the traditional fuzzy sets theory if offered: fuzzy sets are not just simple tools of dealing with uncertainty and ambiguity, but also the very opposite: purposeful introduction of fuzziness and ambiguity into otherwide precise and crisp logic is a human way of dealing with communication, knowledge production and knowledge sharing. How does knowledge differ from data and information? Knowledge as a consensual and purposeful coordination of action?
  9. Weights of Importance in MCDM. In Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) the weights of criteria importance are often handled as discounting factors of individual criteria contributions to a single, aggregate superfunction. That is not what human weighting of criteria importance means and implies. Humans assign differential importance to criteria in terms of expectations or desires of specific individual criteria performances or achievements.
  10. New Perspectives in Reengineering. Business Process Reengineering (BPR) is not downsizing or radical cirporate restructuring. Instead, BPR is intimately related to substantial reintegration of labor, task and knowledge, self-customization of products and services and customer integration into the production process. Current trends to self-service and emerging do-it-yourself infrastructures further enhance mass customization (MC) and MC triggers BPR quite naturally and spontaneously.
  11. Alternative Linear-Programming Procedures. LP problems can be solved by a variety of unorthodox methods. One is the External Reconstruction Algorithm (ERA), which proceeds by constructing the set of active constraints through sequential search and evaluation of problem constraints. Another one, the Invariant Cone Method (ICM) is based on the invariance of the cone of active contraints at any point. Both of these techniques open up new spaces for original research in a seemingly well-traveled field.

Specific coverage and the levels of detail will be decided after interacting with the students, their revealed degrees of interest and the scope of their preliminary knowledge and experience. Not all listed topics will have to be covered, some additional and further specialized areas may be introduced at instructor’s discretion and judgment.